In 2014 Porto Alegre takes it's place among the host cities for the Fifa World Cup event, as it did also in the 1950 world cup. See the fixtures being played in Porto Alegre below:
|15th June||France v Honduras||Estadio Beira-Rio||Porto Alegre|
|18th June||Australia v Netherlands||Estadio Beira-Rio||Porto Alegre|
|22nd June||Korea Republic v Algeria||Estadio Beira-Rio||Porto Alegre|
|25th June||Nigeria v Argentina||Estadio Beira-Rio||Porto Alegre|
|30th June||Winner G vs Runner up H||Estadio Beira-Rio||Porto Alegre|
|Accommodation in Porto Alegre|
BackgroundPorto Alegre (Happy Port) in Brazil is the capital city of the state 'Rio Grande Do Sul'. Manuel Sepûlveda founded this city in 1769, although the official date is 1772. It is the southernmost capital city in Brazil and one of the top cultural , economic and political centres of Brazil. Following the pattern of many of the other cities in the series, the city was subjected to a large influx of immigrants in the late 19th century. The immigrants came mainly from Italy, Germany and Poland. Today, the vast majority of the city population are of European descent
The city lies on the east bank of the Rio Guiaba, at the point where five different rivers converge and form a freshwater lagoon called Lagoa dos Patos (Lagoon of the Ducks) which is navigable by even the largest vessels. This junction has become an important port as well as a chief commercial and industrial centre of Brazil. The Guiaba lake gives Porto Alegre a very long coastline. The lake also contains an archipelago comprised of many islands which have a unique ecosystem giving shelter to an abundant and varied wildlife. Locally the economy is broad based with emphasis on agriculture and industry. Shoe and leather production is important especially in the area iof Novo Hamburgo, Also significant to the city and it's economy is the cultivation of plums, peaches, rice and cassava, all of which are grown on small holdings. Among the flora of Porto Alegre and the state of Rio Grande do Sul you will find the last vestiges of the Atlantic forest. The environs of Porto Alegre includes a great number of parks and many wooded streets.
1773, July bthe 24th is the date that the status of Porto Alegre was raised to that of capital city of the province Rio Grande do Sul. 1824 was the year that saw the immigration begin in earnest, as settlers to the area cane from Germany, Spain, Poland, Lebanon, Israel and Italy thus creating a rich diversity of population and resulting in the multicultural city we see today.
The history of Porto Alegre has been written through extreme hard work and lots of bravery, and while there has been many wars, the war that marks out the people it has to be that of the of the 19th century during the Farrapos war which was fought for the independence from Portugal and the Portuguese Empire.
Porto Alegre has what is described as a humid subtropical climate, producing high average rainfall which is regular throughout the year. Summer produces high averages with temperature often going above 35 degrees, which, when combined with the rainfall produces high humidity and making summer feel very muggy. Winters are mild and daylight hours long. 14 hours during December and 10 in June. The proximity of Southern Brazil to Antartica has raised concerns as the population is occasionally exposed to extremely high levels of UV radiation. Snow is rare; so rare that between 1879 and 2006 it has been recorded just 6 times.
A number of conservation programs are in place to protect native trees and much deliberate planting occurs to protect against extinction. The urban area of the city has many parks and plazas which earn it the lovely position and title of greenest of all of the provincial capitals of Brazil. More than one million trees line the streets of Prto alegre and there are more than 30,000 tree seedlings planted annually thus about 39 percent of the city space is comprised of green areas.
During recent years with the increase of personal wealth and the increased ownership of motor vehicles the city has witnessed increased pollution and as a result of emissions, decreased air quality. Five stations throughout the city constantly monitor the air for quality. New buses have helped decrease the quantity of air pollutants through shorter idling time. The area around Porto Alegre is rich in natural gas and taxis are slowly being converted from petrol to natural gas. For the future hybrid buses which use electricity and Diesel are being considered, although the high levels of sulphur in the air have dropped dramatically as a result of using a petrobrás product called city diesel.
Salgado Filho International Airport connects Porto Alegre to many other areas of Brazil , other south american countries Panama and Portugal via an average of 174 daily flights in and out. There are also direct, international flights to the other countries of the Southern Cone which is comprised of, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Chile and Paraguay, plus Miami in North America and Lisbon in Europe. There is also a very important air cargo terminal which has a throughput of hundreds of thousands of tonnes every month.
The port of Porto Alegre is located on the eastern side of Lake Guaiba, where it's waters empty into the enormous Lagoa dos Patos. The port has the accolade of being the largest in Brazil. It is only 2 miles or 4 kilometres from the Salgado International Airport and has excellent connections to the main access roads to the city proper of Porto Alegre. The port is also connected to the rail system via the docks of Mauá and Navegantes with it's geographical location providing excellent and permanent traffic between Porto Alegre and Buenos Aires transporting mainly Agricultural produce and steel industry products.
Bearing the name Trensurb Porto Alegre has a metropolitan train system linking Downtown Porto Alegre to other cities to the north. Trensurb is operated jointly by the local federal government and the state government of Rio Grande do Sul. Trensurb operates a network of 40 kilometres/25 miles and carries 130,000 passengers daily via 19 stations
Given the location of Porto Alegre it is easy to understand why the network of highways runs along the north and north eastern boundaries, and while the network generally is very good it is still subject to rush hour traffic jams and in particular the stretch of the Canoas to Novo Hamburgo on the BR-116. Many upgrades have taken place and as a result it is possible to drive from Porto Alegre to Rio Alegre to Rio de Janeiro or Belo Horizonte using 4 lane highways for almost the entire journey.
The city transportation system comprises a fleet of autobuses and minibuses carrying approximately 32525 million passengers annually. All the main neighbourhoods are served and a hop on hop service is used, as in many other of the cities featured in this series. the system is made up of transverse and circular lines and routes but it is not clearly defined which lines serve which areas the system can be challenge to use, Congestion is still a major issue and a rapid transit line is planned for completion to ease the congestion and help with the movement of the influx of tourists for the 2014 world cup.
A total of 3922 taxicabs operate in Porto Alegre across 317 stops. A regular taxi is coloured orange while designated airport taxis are white.
PortPortugues in the national language and the primary language taught in schools. English and Spanish are also taught. There exists some international schools as well. Porto Alegre has the highest level of education in Brazil with 20% of family leaders having a university education and resulting degree.